Acupuncture (from Lat. acus, "needle", and pungere, "prick") is a technique of inserting and manipulating filiform(very thin and long) needles into points on the body with the aim of relieving pain and for therapeutic purposes. Acupuncture is thought to have originated in China and is most commonly associated with Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).

The practice of acupuncture and moxibustion is based on the theory of meridians. According to this theory, qi (vital energy) and blood circulate in the body through a system of channels called meridians, connecting internal organs with external organs or tissues.By stimulating certain points of the body surface reached by meridians through needling or moxibustion, the flow of qi and blood can be regulated and diseases are thus treated. These stimulation points are called acupuncture points, or acupoints.

The clinical diagnosis and treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine are mainly based on the yin-yang and five elements theories. These theories apply the phenomena and laws of nature to the study of the physiological activities and pathological changes of the human body and its interrelationships. The typical TCM therapies include acupuncture, herbal medicine, and qigong exercises. With acupuncture, treatment is accomplished by stimulating certain areas of the external body. Herbal medicine acts on zang-fu organs internally, while qigong tries to restore the orderly information flow inside the network through the regulation of Qi.

In acupressure physical pressure is applied to acupuncture points by the hand, elbow, or with various devices.Clinical use of acupressure frequently relies on the conceptual framework of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM),which some scholars have characterized as pseudoscientific. Traditional Chinese medicine's acupuncture theory predates use of the scientific method,and has received various criticisms based on scientific thinking

The qmedicine editorial team acknowledges the relatively poor scientific validation of such forms of alternative medicine and encourages you to research further into these topics before undergoing therapy or abandoning treatment modalities with established scientific validation.

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