Meditation is a discipline in which the mind is focused on an object of thought or awareness. It usually involves turning attention to a single point of reference. The practice may engender a higher state of consciousness. Meditation is recognized as a component of almost all religions, and has been practiced for over 5,000 years.
Meditation is an intensely personal and spiritual experience. The desired purpose of each meditation technique is to channel our awareness into a more positive direction by totally transforming one's state of mind.To meditate is to turn inwards, to concentrate on the inner self.
The entire process of meditation usually entails the three stages of concentration (dharana), meditation (dhyana) and enlightenment or absorption (samadhi). The individual preparing to meditate usually starts off by harnessing his awareness, such as focussing his mind onto a certain object. Once attention gets engaged, concentration turns into meditation or dhyana. And through continuous meditation, the meditator merges with the object of concentration, which might either be the present moment or the Divine Entity.
Scientists researching this state of heightened awareness have been surprised by the seemingly enormous surge of mood elevating neurotransmitters and the correction of various endocrine axis in the body. Meditation in an hitherto unknown fashion has shown to accelerate wound healing and provides significant pain relief in chronic ailments like arthritis and gout.