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Child Health

The health of the current child population reflects the overall health of the Nation and has important implications for the future as these children grow into adults.

Good health begins even before birth. Timely prenatal care is an important preventive strategy that can help protect the health of both mother and child. Healthy birth weight is an important indicator of infant health, and emerging evidence indicates that birth weight may affect children into adulthood. Children born very low birth weight are significantly more likely to die in the first year of life than children of healthy birth weight and those who survive are at particularly high risk for health complications.

Breastfeeding can support the health of infants and mothers, and rates have increased steadily since the beginning of the last decade.

Vaccination is a preventive health measure that protects children into adulthood. Vaccines are available for a number of public health threats, including measles, mumps, rubella (German measles), polio, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), and H. Influenza type b (a meningitis bacterium).

Physical activity is another important protective factor in lifelong health, with habits that can be formed early in childhood.

Mental health is an important health issue among children. In India this an often neglected issue with a disturbingly large number of children relegated to absolute neglect or an aggressive denial of their mental health problems by parents and teachers.

The period of adolescence brings age-specific health issues that need to be monitored and addressed. There is compelling evidence that sexual activity increased with grade level and condom use decreased. With sexual activity comes the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Adolescents (aged 15-19) and young adults (aged 20-24 years) are at much higher risk of contracting STIs than are older adults.

With regard to substance use, a large proportion of urban school going children, principally male, reported using illicit drugs. Alcohol was the most commonly used drug among adolescents.

A number of family and neighborhood factors can also affect the health and well-being of children and the larger community. A large proportion of our children are reported to live in neighborhoods with subnormal facilities for a normal mental, physical and moral upbringing.

The health of our children and adolescents relies on effective public health efforts, adequate knowledge available to parents and teachers and building community supports.


Top Child Health Topics

Blocked Nose

Fever

Diarrhoea

Food Poisoning

Insect Bite

Mumps

Chicken Pox

Constipation

Bed Wetting

Typhoid

Jaundice

Urine Infection

Worms

Motion Sickness

Tetanus Immunisation

Cuts

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